Syria is a country located in the Middle East. It is bordered by Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Lebanon and Israel to the southwest. The capital of Syria is Damascus, and the country has a population of around 17 million people. The official language is Arabic, and the currency is the Syrian pound. Syria has a rich history and culture, with a mix of Arab, Ottoman, and Western influences. It is known for its ancient cities, such as Damascus and Aleppo, and its cultural landmarks, such as the Umayyad Mosque and the Citadel of Aleppo.