Sudan is a country located in northeastern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast. Sudan has a population of approximately 41 million people, and its capital and largest city is Khartoum. Sudan is the third-largest country in Africa, and it has a rich history and culture that has been shaped by its location at the crossroads of Africa and the Middle East. The economy of Sudan is primarily based on agriculture, and the country is a leading producer of cotton and other crops. However, Sudan has faced many challenges, including political instability, civil war, and economic challenges.