Peru is a country located in western South America. It is bordered by Ecuador and Colombia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, Chile to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Peru has a population of approximately 32 million people, and its capital and largest city is Lima. Peru is a presidential representative democratic republic, and it is one of the largest and most populous countries in the region. The economy of Peru is primarily based on agriculture, mining, and manufacturing, and the country is a leading producer of a wide range of products, including copper, gold, and other minerals. Peru is known for its rich history and culture, which has been influenced by a range of indigenous and European traditions.