Japan is an island country located in East Asia. It is the third largest country in the world in terms of area and is made up of four main islands: Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku. Japan has a population of about 126 million people and its capital and largest city is Tokyo. The official language is Japanese and the currency is the Japanese yen. Japan is a constitutional monarchy with the Emperor as the head of state. The country is known for its unique culture and traditions, as well as its advanced technology and economy. It is also home to many beautiful landscapes, including mountains, forests, and beaches.