Italy is a country located in Southern Europe. It is a peninsula that extends into the Mediterranean Sea, and it is bordered by France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north. Italy has a population of about 60 million people and is a unitary parliamentary republic. The official language is Italian, and the currency is the euro. Italy is known for its rich cultural heritage, and it is home to many famous works of art, architecture, and literature. The country is also famous for its cuisine, which is known for its variety and use of fresh ingredients. Some of Italy's major industries include agriculture, tourism, and manufacturing.