Canada is a country located in North America. It is the second-largest country in the world by land area, covering more than 3.8 million square miles. Canada is a federal parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its head of state. The official languages of Canada are English and French, and the capital city is Ottawa. Canada has a population of around 37 million people, and is known for its diverse culture and natural beauty. The country is home to a wide range of landscapes and climates, from the snowy forests of the north to the rolling hills and prairies of the south.