Algeria is a country located in North Africa. It is bordered by Morocco to the west, Mauritania, Mali, and Niger to the south, Libya and Tunisia to the east, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north. The country has a population of about 43 million people, and its official language is Arabic. Algeria is a semi-presidential republic, and its current president is Abdelmadjid Tebboune. The country has a diverse economy, with significant contributions from the agricultural, industrial, and service sectors. Some of Algeria's major industries include oil, gas, and manufacturing. The country is known for its rich cultural heritage, its beautiful landscapes, and its many historic cities and landmarks, such as the Algiers Casbah and the Grand Mosque of Algiers.